How to Measure Mucoadhesion/Bioadhesion

Cohesiveness measurement applications using the TA.XTplus Texture Analyser

MUCOADHESION is the process by which a drug delivery device is designed to stick to a part of the gut or other mucosae, thus delivering drug to a precise site in the body for an extended period. As the majority of infections affecting man and animals take place or start in mucous membranes, this gives more effective treatment of some diseases and can also protect drugs from some of the harsh conditions in the body.

Mucoadhesive drug delivery systems are used to treat several conditions in the mouth, rectum, vagina and nose and have been investigated as treatments for stomach ulcers and cancer.

The TA.XTplus Texture Analyser is now an established tool for measuring bioadhesion bond strength. The determination of the adhesive properties of pharmaceutical dosage forms is important in their development and several methods have been developed for these measurements.

Tests of solid dosage forms, semi-solids such as ointments and gels and even powders and systems which solidify on contact with the target organ can be performed using alternative measuring probes. Generally the dosage form is attached to the underside of the measuring probe. Meanwhile the mucosa is located underneath (usually in a liquid environment mimicking that of where the dosage it to be employed). The probe applies a chosen amount of force to the mucosa for a chosen period of time after which the force is measured to separate the two surfaces.

Typical properties that can be obtained from a texture analysis graph:

Adhesiveness, Debonding Distance, Work of Adhesion
Typical texture analysis graph

Typical Texture Analyser graph with annotated properties of a mucoadhesion test

Typical Probe/Fixture used for Measurement:

Mucoadhesion Rig >>

The above are only typical examples of mucoadhesion measurement. We can, of course, design and manufacture probes or fixtures that are bespoke to your sample and its specific measurement.

Once your measurement is performed, our expertise in its graphical interpretation is unparalleled – no-one understands texture analysis like we do. Not only can we develop the most suitable and accurate method for the testing of your sample, but we can prepare analysis procedures that obtain the desired parameters from your curve and drop them into a spreadsheet or report designed around your requirements.

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Texture Analysis probes

Probes and attachments

The Texture Analyser uses a range of different probes and attachments according to your specific application.

Exponent Software


Whether you require a simple test and data analysis solution or a fully featured software package – we give you the choice.

Peltier cabinet

Temperature Control

If your product is temperature sensitive, we have a range of temperature monitoring and control options.

Acoustic Envelope Detector setup

Additional measurement options

By attaching peripheral devices you can collect additional measurement parameters during your standard texture analysis test.

Automated Linear Indexing System


Find out how to increase your sample throughput, walk away time and testing efficiency with several automation options.

Loadcell in case


Our range of Texture Analyser accessories covers requirements for the use, maintenance and protection of your instrument.

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